Gods and goddesses
The ancient Egyptians believed that each god and goddess had special powers over nature and the animals. The Egyptians also believed that their lives were controlled by their deities. Many of the gods and goddesses were thought to look like humans and animals with different bodies or heads of animals.
The most famous gods worshipped in ancient Egypt were Ra, Osiris, Isis, Anubis, Thoth, Set, Horus and Ptah.
Great temples were built for the important gods.
Ancient Egyptians believed that when a person died they would go to the afterlife. But it wasn’t as easy as you think. To get to the afterlife, the ancient Egyptians believed they had to do good deeds and have a light heart. People that did bad things in their life were eaten up by a demoness called Ammit, who was part crocodile, part lion and part hippopotamus. That must have hurt!
The ancient Egyptians buried the dead with all sorts of things they would need for their new life.
They also wrapped the dead body up to preserve it. This is called mummification. Anubis was the god of mummification with a human body and the head of a jackal.
The mummies of Egyptian rulers and pharaohs were placed in tombs in pyramids.