What are equivalent fractions?

If you have a look at these fractions you will see they are all the same amount. We say they are equivalent fractions.

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1/2 = 2/4 = 4/8. They are all half.

When the top number (numerator) is half of the bottom number (denominator) the fraction is a half.

If you divide the bottom number of a fraction by the top number and it gives 2, the fraction is equivalent to 1/2.