World War I

World War I is also known as the First World War or the Great War

Not all the countries in the world fought in the war but a lot of countries did. There was fighting all over Europe and even in the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

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How did it start?

The war started in 1914 when Franz Ferdinand of Austria was killed by people from Serbia. The two countries went to war and other countries quickly joined in. The war lasted four years and millions of people died. 

It wasn’t like other wars from the past. In this war, lots of big, new weapons were used on land, sea and air.

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The teams

Two sides were formed:

The Allies (France, Great Britain and Russia)

The Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary)

The Allies won the war in the end but Germany came back for round two in World War II.


Did you know?

  • During the war, a famous scientist called Marie Curie came up with an idea to put X-ray machines in vans so that doctors could visit the soldiers. The X-ray machines helped doctors see bullets in the wounded men.
  • On Christmas Eve 1914, soldiers from both sides stopped fighting and sang and played football together. The fighting continued the next day.