Mountains are made from rocks and earth. They are higher and steeper than hills. Hills are less than 600 metres high. 


Characteristics of mountains

Mountains have steep, sloping sides and sharp or rounded peaks. A peak is the pointed top of a mountain.

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The top of a mountain is called the summit. The side of a mountain is called the slope. A gorge is a very steep valley between two mountains. 

Mountains can be found on every continent and cover one-fifth of the Earth's land surface. They can even be found at the bottom of the sea!

Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. It is 29,035 feet high.